The companies responsible for extinguishing the Kuwaiti oil fires initially were Red Adair Company (now sold off to Global Industries of Louisiana), Boots and Coots, and Wild Well Control. Other companies including Safety Boss, Cudd Well/Pressure Control, Neal Adams Firefighters, and Kuwait Wild Well Killers were also contracted. Technology used by Red Adair Company to extinguish the fires was patented by John R. Duncan of Monroe, Louisiana, (Duncan Welding, Duncan Steel, Duncan Steel Fabricators and Erectors, Industrial Consultant Services, now Brass Balls Global Industrial Consultant Services owned by John Duncan’s daughter Kay Duncan), (United States Patent 3,108,499 filed September 28, 1960, granted October 29, 1963), a method and apparatus for severing section of fluid pipeline therefrom.
Duncan’s technology was used by Red Adair beginning in 1962, when he tackled a fire at the Gassi Touil gas field in the Algerian Sahara nicknamed the Devil’s Cigarette Lighter, a 450 foot (140 m) pillar of flame that burned from 12:00 PM November 13, 1961 to 9:30 AM on April 28, 1962. Duncan’s technology was used December 1968, when Adair sealed a large gas leak at an Australian gas and oil platform off Victoria‘s south-east coast.
Duncan’s technology was the part of the basis of the John Wayne movie Hellfighters (1968) wherein five oil wells in a tight line burning all at once further compounded by guerrillas trying to undermine the operation are extinguished. The team puts out the fires with the help of the Venezuelan army while under attack by rebel P-40 Tomahawk fighters that strafe the oilfield. The movie was loosely based on Red Adair. Duncan’s technology was used again in 1977, when Red Adair and his crew (including Asger “Boots” Hansen) contributed to the capping of the biggest oil well blowout ever to have occurred in the North Sea (and at the time the largest offshore blowout worldwide, in terms of volume of crude oil spilled), at the Ekofisk Bravo platform, located in the Norwegian sector and operated by Phillips Petroleum Company (now ConocoPhillips). In 1988, Red Adair used Duncan’s technology when Adair was again in the North Sea where he helped to put out the UK sector Piper Alpha oil platform fire.
One of John Duncan’s specialties was building specialized tanks to provide clean water systems to municipalities and to handle storage and use of toxic, aggressive chemicals to protect the public.
John Duncan’s daughter Kay Duncan has continued her father’s global industrial consulting business to promote innovative research and development internationally by collaborating with the brightest minds across the world. Raised in Louisiana in the world of international oil fires, steel, chemicals and industrial consulting, her ownership of international manufacturing plants in metal, plastics, printing and chemicals and salvage has given her rare experience and understanding of raw materials, earth elements, logistics, transportation, manufacturing, electronics, clean room environments, handling and storage of municipalities water supplies, handling and storage of toxic chemicals, importing and exporting.
Her focus is on global innovation, production and education based on her strong belief that you must have the right tools to do the job-that includes the right minds. She gathers those brilliant minds together.
Brass Balls Pictures, www.BrassBallsPictures.com a division of Brass Balls Global, utilizes the latest cinematic technology to sync the best minds and newest innovations across the globe to solve problems, plot industrial strategies and educate with hands-on research and development while concentrating on sparking the scientific and engineering interests of the young.
Other Divisions of Brass Balls Global are as follows:
John Duncan’s son and Kay Duncan’s brother, Coley Duncan, M.D., MMM, states, “There is nothing more ignorant than an educated man on a subject in which he is not educated.” Brass Balls Pictures is working to bridge the gap between the industrial sciences by providing collaborative instantaneous innovative technology between the greatest global industrial minds and the largest international businesses in solving worldwide industrial problems.
Brass Balls Pictures further breaks down the information to a layman’s understanding of everyday practical applications showing youth that science is cool, technology is challenging and work is fun. Most importantly sharing and teaching we have all of the elements to be successful globally. It is up to us to pull all of the elements together internationally.
Brass Balls Global Industrial Consultant Services is headquartered in Winston-Salem, North Carolina.
The Kuwaiti oil fires were caused by Iraqi military forces setting fire to more than 700 oil wells as part of a scorched earth policy while retreating from Kuwait in 1991 after invading the country but being driven out by Coalition military forces during the Persian Gulf War. The fires started in January and February 1991 and the last one was extinguished by November 1991.
The oil fires caused a dramatic decrease in air quality, causing respiratory problems for many Kuwaitis. The resulting fires burned out of control because of the dangers of sending in firefighting crews. Land mines had been placed in areas around the oil wells and military demining was necessary before the fires could be put out. Around 5 million barrels (790,000 m) of oil were lost each day. Eventually, privately contracted crews extinguished the fires, at a total cost of US$1.5 billion to Kuwait. By that time, however, the fires had burned for approximately ten months, causing widespread pollution.
The petroleum fires polluted both the soil and the air, and they have also been linked with what was later called Gulf War Syndrome; however, studies have indicated that the firemen who capped the wells did not report any of the symptoms that the soldiers experienced. Whether this syndrome was caused by the oil fires, chemical attack, or other causes has not been determined, and the long-term environmental effects of the fires have yet to be fully understood.
During Operation Desert Storm, Dr. S. Fred Singer and Carl Sagan discussed the possible environmental impacts of the Kuwaiti petroleum fires on the ABC News program Nightline. Sagan argued that some of the effects of the smoke could be similar to the effects of a nuclear winter, with smoke lofting into the upper atmosphere resulting in global effects and that he believed the net effects would be very similar to the explosion of the Indonesian volcano Tambora in 1815, which resulted in the year 1816 being known as the Year Without a Summer. He reported on initial modeling estimates that forecast impacts extending to south Asia, and perhaps to the northern hemisphere as well. Singer, on the other hand, said that calculations showed that the smoke would go to an altitude of about 3,000 feet (910 m) and then be rained out after about three to five days and thus the lifetime of the smoke would be limited. Both estimates turned out to be wrong, with the atmospheric effects remaining largely limited to the Persian Gulf region, but with smoke often lofting to over 10,000 feet (3,000 m) and sometimes as high as 20,000 feet (6,100 m).
In retrospect, it is now known that smoke from the Kuwait oil fires affected the weather pattern throughout the Persian Gulf and surrounding region during 1991, and that lower atmospheric winds blew the smoke along the eastern half of the Arabian Peninsula, and cities such as Dhahran and Riyadh, and countries such as Bahrain experienced days with smoke filled skies and carbon fallout.-Wikipedia